What is a Clause?

Clause: A group of Subject – Predicate construction is called a Clause. 
A Subject and a Predicate form a clause
Such a group of words which forms part of a sentence, and contains a Subject and a Predicate, is called a clause.

  • He has a chain which is made of gold. (which – subject; is made of gold – predicate).
  • I think that you have made a mistake. (you – subject; have made a mistake – predicate).

Independent Clause: can stand alone or makes a complete sense in itself.

Note: A simple sentence has just one clause, called an independent clause.

Dependent Clause or Subordinate Clause: The dependent clause cannot stand alone as a short but complete sentence.

  • When Ram writes stories, he observes other people closely. (Ram – subject; when writes stories – predicate). The word when signals that additional words are needed to complete its meaning.