Clause: A group of Subject – Predicate construction is called a Clause.
A Subject and a Predicate form a clause.
Such a group of words which forms part of a sentence, and contains a Subject and a Predicate, is called a clause.
- He has a chain which is made of gold. (which – subject; is made of gold – predicate).
- I think that you have made a mistake. (you – subject; have made a mistake – predicate).
Independent Clause: can stand alone or makes a complete sense in itself.
Note: A simple sentence has just one clause, called an independent clause.
Dependent Clause or Subordinate Clause: The dependent clause cannot stand alone as a short but complete sentence.